Florinsky, I.V., 2010. Sacred places and geophysical activity. In: Florinsky, I.V. (Ed.), Man and the Geosphere. Nova Science Publishers, New York, pp. 215–255.
Mystical experience is a phenomenon that has influenced and continues to influence the development of culture and civilization. Mystical experiences in particular places are known to all cultures. Every so often, such places become sacred. The author proposes a hypothesis that the following complex of geological and geophysical prerequisite factors is of importance to the sacralization of a place: regional and local active faults, local magnetic anomalies, regional and local lithospheric stresses, and regional seismic activity. The following cause and effect chain is assumed: Along faults and at fault intersections, the crust exhibits increased permeability over geological time scales. This creates conditions conducive to the occurrence of ore concentrations and magmatic bodies generating local magnetic anomalies. Geomagnetic storms modulate the intensity of the geomagnetic field at these anomalies. Before an earthquake, the rise of local and regional lithospheric stresses leads to electric currents carried by electron holes. Propagating along faults, these currents also modulate the intensity of local magnetic anomalies and sometimes produce self-luminous objects. Local fluctuations of the geomagnetic field and pulsating magnetic fields of self-luminous objects influence the human brain and can lead to a mystical experience.
To test the hypothesis for an initial approximation, one should demonstrate that sacred places are predominantly located along fault lines. For a part of the Crimean Peninsula, the author carried out a comparative analysis of a statistically representative sample of monasteries comprising 104 objects, as well as faults, earthquake intensity zones, and regional magnetic anomalies using geological and geophysical maps. Almost all Crimean monasteries are located along faults of various ranges or at their intersections.
Most monasteries are placed within earthquake intensity zones of VII–VIII degrees as well as within regions with decreased regional geomagnetic intensity. These results are evidence in favor of the author’s hypothesis.